Fact sheet by Dr. Floro De Nardo
Origin and diffusion
Autochthonous Italian goat breed of the territory of Nicastro, at the foot of Mount Reventino. Currently the city is called Lamezia Terme (Calabria - Italy).
It is present and bred throughout the province of Catanzaro and for its productive characteristics, appreciated by Calabrian breeders, it has spread over the years in the neighboring provinces.
Type of farming: wild and semi-stable in small, medium and large farms, widespread in particular in hilly and mountain areas, even if they are not excluded in the lowland areas. As of January 1, 2002, the number was approximately 8,000.
Morphological and productive characteristics
Cut it: average.
Head: small, light, larger in the male, with rectilinear front-nasal profile. Hair evenly distributed in the frontal area in males and females, black with double white stripe on the frontal-nasal area, well marked tuft of black hair in the males at the base of the horns. Large, lively and expressive eyes. Generally the head is provided with horns in both sexes. The horns are on average developed in the females: in the shape of an open lyre, often flat and wide at the base. In males the horns are very developed, long, open-shaped, flat and wide at the base. Medium-sized ears, with front semi-hanging habit, with and without curl. The tettole or lacinie and the beard are generally present in both sexes, in particular in the beaks the beard is quite thick and long. Tits can be unilateral and bilateral.
Neck: light in females robust in males, medium length.
Trunk: deep thorax and voluminous abdomen, the back-lumbar region is rectilinear, the croup is well developed and moderately sloping. The scrotal bag is wide with large and developed nipples. Large breast system. Pecorino-type breasts, rarely piriform, with well developed nipples.
Arts: light in the females, robust in the males, long, with solid and compact dark nails, of slate color.
Coat and pigmentation: the pigmentation pattern is attributable to the eumelaninic type at the pheomelaninic extremities and belly. Black coat with belly and limbs and part of the head of white color (Jèlino); the white part of the abdomen can extend along the sides. Long and smooth hair in females, rougher in males. Very common is the presence of cashmere or kashmir undercoat. Soft, fine and elastic skin, gray-black in the eumelanin coat area, pink in the pheomelanin coat area.
Average height at the withers:
-Male a. cm. 78
- Females a. 71
-Male a. Kg. 78
- Females a. Kg. 46
Annual fertility (percentage ratio between birthed and covered females) 97%;
Prolificity (percentage ratio between kids born and girls born) 182%;
Annual fertility (percentage ratio between females who give birth and those of reproductive age) 176%.
Average age at first birth: 16 months.
Milk (medium production)
- Primipare: 180 liters in 150 days.
- Secondipare: 220 liters in 210 days.
- Multipare: 260 liters in 210 days
The milk produced is used for the majority of cases for the production of traditional dairy products such as goat's goat, goat's cheese, mixed cheeses such as Cacioricotta, Canestrato, Pecorino di Crotone, Pecorino with pepper, Caciotta and various fresh ricotta, baked, salted and smoked. A very small part is given to dairies.
Meat (average production):
- Weight of kids at birth: 3.5 kg
- Weight of kids at 30 days: 10 kg
Nicastrese (photo Floro De Nardo)